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【华体会官网】2020年高考英语备考:高考英语「听力必备场景词」最全汇总

更新时间  2021-06-04 23:03 阅读
本文摘要:高考考试的对话内容场景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校园、生活、事情、种种社交场所。相识一些场景下的常用语和常见表达对解题是很有资助的。对这些常用词汇和短语不仅要知道其自己的意思,还要知道它们的同义表达方式。 这是因为现在听力试题一般不会在选项中泛起对话中的原词和词组。以下场景是对话当中所占比例最大的,掌握了这些场景下的常用短语和表达方式,也就从词汇和短语方面抓住相识题的关键。

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高考考试的对话内容场景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校园、生活、事情、种种社交场所。相识一些场景下的常用语和常见表达对解题是很有资助的。对这些常用词汇和短语不仅要知道其自己的意思,还要知道它们的同义表达方式。

这是因为现在听力试题一般不会在选项中泛起对话中的原词和词组。以下场景是对话当中所占比例最大的,掌握了这些场景下的常用短语和表达方式,也就从词汇和短语方面抓住相识题的关键。1.餐馆场景:restaurant餐馆; cafeteria 自助餐厅; buffet 自助餐; canteen;dining hall 食堂,餐厅; coffee shop;cafe咖啡屋 ;snack bar 小吃街、大排挡 【go out for dinner / dinner out / eat out 出去用饭】waiter/waitress 男/女服务生;order 点菜 ;serve 上菜 ;menu 菜单;bill 账单【pay the bill 付账】tip 小费;change 零钱 【Keep the change! 不用找零钱了! 】 treat 请客【This is my treat!、 It’s on me!我请客! 】【go Dutch ;Let’s go fifty fifty. AA制】【Help yourself. 请随便吃】knife刀;fork叉;chopsticks筷子;spoon勺子;plate碟子;tray 托盘;appetizer 开胃菜;dessert甜品,水果;soup 汤 ;steak 牛排;cheese奶酪 ;sandwich 三明治;hamburger 汉堡包;French fries 炸薯条;pizza 披萨;bacon 培根 ;chicken鸡肉;beef牛肉;pork猪肉drink 喝,饮料;wine 红酒;coke 适口可乐;coffee咖啡;dressing 调味酱;pepper胡椒;ketchup 番茄酱;delicious、yummy 适口的;rare半熟的2.邮局场景:stamp邮票;envelope 信封;package / parcel 包裹;parcel form包裹单;zip code邮编;weight重量;overweight 超重;postage邮费;extra postage 分外邮资;insurance保险;send / post / deliver a letter / mail 寄 /发信;delivery投递,传送;claim领取;express mail 快件;EMS特快专递;airmail 航空信件;surface mail 平邮;ordinary letter平信;registered letter挂号信。3.图书馆场景:library card借书证;borrow借入;lend借出;keep持有,保管,存放;renew续借;return送还;overdue 借书逾期;pay a fine 交罚款;librarian 图书治理员;bookshelf书架; novel小说;science fiction科幻小说;magazine杂志;periodical期刊;reference book参考书;4.校园场景:tuition学费;scholarship奖学金;term/semester 学期;seminar研讨班;presentation 课堂讲话;assignment/homework作业;register 注册;be absent 缺席;final exam 期末考试;review/ go over温习; fail/pass不及格/通过; cut a class逃课; graduate结业; stationery文具;essay论文;paper试卷;attend a lecture 听讲座 textbook 课本;classroom 教师;laboratory实验室;mark/grade 结果;course 课程;subject 学科;playground 操场5.医院及康健场景:doctor医生;dentist牙医;physician内科医生;surgeon外科医生;nurse护士;hospital医院;clinic 诊所;Health Center医疗中心;emergency room/ department 急诊室;emergent treatment抢救处置惩罚;first aid 抢救;treatment治疗手段;check up 检查;physical examination体检;take one’s temperature / blood pressure 丈量体温/血压;show one’s tongue伸出舌头;write a prescription开处方;give an injection注射;visiting hours 探视时间medicine药;pills / tablets药丸/药片;aspirin 阿司匹林;suffer from受…苦;pain疼痛;headache头痛;stomachache肚子痛;backache背痛;sore-throat喉咙痛;cough咳嗽;fever发烧;cold / flu 伤风/流感 【have/catch a cold患伤风】; heart attack 心脏病;dizzy眩晕的;——What’s up? / How is it going? / How are you?——I’m fine. / I feel good/ terrific. / I couldn’t be better. / Nothing is very wrong with me. 好。

I am not feeling good. / I feel terrible/horrible/awful. / I am not myself these days. 欠好。(注意听语气:身体好的时候,语调上扬,语气很是欢快; 身体欠好的时候,降调,语气很是郁闷。)6.电话场景:operator 接线员 【Extension six two two six, please.请转6226。The line is bad/ busy / engaged. It kept a busy line. 电话占线。

】long distance call 远程电话;collect call 对方付费电话;put through 接通电话;leave a message留口信; dial the wrong number拨错号码; call/ telephone/ ring/ phone sb.;give sb. a call/ ring给某人打电话;——Hello! This is …speaking. 您好,我是…。——Who’s speaking?/Who is that? 您是谁?Hold on /Hold the line, please. 请稍等,别挂断。I’ll call back later / again. I’ll ring him / her up again.我一会儿再打。

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I couldn’t get through.打不通;Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.对不起,您拨错号啦。7.旅店场景:make a reservation 预定房间;reception desk 接待处;reception服务台;receptionist 服务员;accommodation住宿; registration挂号;check in 入住;check out 结帐;Identity/ID card 身份证;fill out a form填表;single room 单间;double room双人间;suite套间;room number房间号;room key房间钥匙;room service客房服务;wake-up call叫醒电话Do you have a reservation Sir?先生,您预订了吗? Have you got any vacant room? (= Is there any room available here?) 有空房间吗?All the room are occupied. 房间已满。Can I have a suite please?有套间吗?How much do you charge for that? 如何收费?Smoking or no smoking? 吸烟或不吸烟?Meals included. 包罗饮食。Can I show you your room? 我可以带你去你的房间?Can I carry your luggage?我可以帮你提行李吗?8.交通场景:plane飞机;ship汽船;bus 公交车;coach远程客车;train火车;subway/underground 地铁;railway 铁路;highway 公路;sidewalk/pavement人行道; one-way street 单行道; rush hour交通岑岭期; crowded拥挤的; heavy traffic拥挤的交通; traffic jam交通阻塞; traffic rules交通规则; traffic lights交通灯; driving license驾照;driver司机; garage修车厂、车库;car accident/crash车祸;speed超速;rRunning the red light闯红灯; flat tire爆胎; scratches刮蹭;fix/repair修理;survive幸存by plane/air乘飞机; by sea/land水路、陆路; by subway/underground 乘地铁;transfer换乘、转机May I see your license, please?我可以看看你的驾照,好吗?You will be fined by $20.你将处以20元的罚款。

9.机场场景:airline航空公司;airway 航线;flight 航班;book/serve预定; behind schedule 晚点;cancel取消;customs海关;security check安检;passport护照;visa签证;departure lounge 候机室;departure gate登机口;check in 管理登机手续;on board登机;boarding pass/card 登机牌; luggage/baggage行李; suitcase行李箱;take off 起飞;land降落; safe landing宁静着陆bound for…飞往…偏向去的;departure to 前往;destination目的地; departure time起飞时间; see sb. off为某人送行; pick up接机【在飞机上】a window seat靠窗的座位; an aisle seat靠走道的座位; captain机长;pilot航行员;airhostess/stewardess空姐; fasten the safety/safe belt系紧宁静带; airsick晕机; jet lag飞机时差反映;10.在火车站(At the railway station):booking/ticket office售票处;conductor售票员; train 火车;express train特快列车; carriage车厢;dining car餐车;waiting room 候车室;platform 站台,月台;one way trip/ticket 单程/单程票;round trip/ticket往返/往返票;a hard seat 硬座;a soft seat软座11.购物场景:store 商店;grocery食品店;department store 百货商场;shopping center/mall 购物中心;shop assistant伙计;counter 柜台;receipt 收据;deliver 送货;refund 退款;bargain自制货;out of stock 脱销/缺货;in stock 有货;selling season 销售旺季;on sale打折; 50% off 打五折;a 30% discount打七折;catalogue 产物目录;Commodity information商品信息;brand 品牌;size尺码;color颜色;style样式;price价钱;【What color/size/kind do you want?您需要什么样的颜色/多大尺寸/哪种?】second-hand 二手的;popular / fashionable 盛行的;in fashion 盛行,时尚;out of fashion 过时的;商品论贵贱expensive, cheap;价钱论崎岖high, low;pay in cash 用现金支付;pay in check 用支票支付;credit card 信用卡;pay by installment 分期付款;【在服装店(In a clothing store/shop)】trousers 裤子 clothes 衣服;skirt裙子;shirt衬衫;jacket夹克;coat上衣;a bigger size 稍大一点尺寸;what size 多大尺寸;this style这种式样;fit you合你身;try on试穿;match 相配12.天气场景:fine 晴朗的;sunny/bright/clear 阳灼烁媚的;overcast 多云;cloudy 阴;humid 湿润的;wet 湿润的;rainy有雨的;clear up 天空放晴;freezing-cold 酷寒的;hot炎热的;cool凉爽的;warm温暖的;mild温和的;windy有风的;calm无风的;breeze微风;moderate 风力不大;strong/ high winds 大风;tornado 龙卷风;typhoon 台风;fog雾;snow雪;drizzle毛毛细雨;light rain小雨;shower 阵雨;storm 狂风雨;downpour滂沱大雨;【It rains cats and dogs.(=The rain is pouring.)下着滂沱大雨】 thunder 打雷;blizzard大风雪;snowstorm狂风雪; 【weather in London / Seattle 意指欠好的天气;weather in California 意指晴天气】经常和天气相联系的情况:vacation(假期) 和 flight(航班) (be delayed延误/cancelled取消by the bad weather)。put away clothes 下雨收衣服;13.银行场景:business hour 营业时间;deposit存款;withdraw 取款;open an account 开户;savings account 储蓄账户;check account 支票账户;interest rate 利率;cash a check兑现支票14.常见的身份与职业:part-time job 兼职事情; full-time job 全职事情psychologist心理学家;principal校长;professor 教授;postman 邮递员;driver司机;policeman 警员;firefighter 消防员;assistant 助手/助教;receptionist接待员;typist 打字员;cashier收纳;waiter 服务员; passenger 搭客;ticket seller 售票员;conductor 售票员,列车长;salesman销售员;nurse 护士;housewife 家庭主妇;lawyer状师;engineer 工程师;architect修建师;chef厨师;guide 导游;reporter/journalist 记者;editor 编辑;author作家;pianist钢琴家;musician音乐家;singer歌手;photographer 摄影师;artist艺术家;designer设计师;scientist科学家;barber剃头师;butcher屠夫;tailor成衣15.人物关系relationship:strangers生疏人;neighbors邻人;classmates同学;colleagues/co-workers同事;friends朋侪; husband and wife 伉俪;guest and receptionist客人与接待员;doctor and patient医生与病人;teacher and student师生;boss and secretary老板和秘书;policeman and driver警员与司机;interviewer and interviewee面试官与面试者;employer and employee 雇主与员工;shop assistant/waiter and customer营业员与主顾;parent and child 怙恃与子女16.事情:job opportunity 事情时机;interview面试;resume简历;educational background教育配景;application letter 求职信;recommendation 推荐信;certificate 助手;qualification资历;experience 履历;position 职位;salary 薪水;allowance津贴;promotion提升;vacation休假;break 短暂休息;retire 退休;work overtime加班;shift work 倒班事情;ask for leave 请假;sick leave 病假;have a week off 休一周假;clerk职员;secretary秘书;manager司理;HR manager人事司理;general manager总司理;client客户17.兴趣喜好:hobby 兴趣;entertainment 娱乐;go to the cinema/movies/theatre 去看影戏;comedy喜剧;tragedy悲剧;action movie 行动片;cartoon 动画片;documentary 纪录片;thriller 惊悚片;horror film恐怖片;detective movie侦探片;western film西部片;soap opera 肥皂剧hiking 徒步旅行;camping野营;diving潜水;surfing冲浪;skiing滑雪;seashore 海岸;beach海滩;sun-burnt 晒黑的;palace宫殿;castle城堡18.运动:competition 竞赛;sports field运动场;club俱乐部;sportsman/athlete/player运发动;coach教练;champion冠军;gold/silver/bronze medal金/银/铜牌;basketball篮球;football美式足球;soccer英式足球;volleyball排球;baseball棒球;tennis网球;table tennis乒乓球;golf高尔夫;jogging慢跑;swimming游泳;wrestling摔跤;shooting射击;boxing拳击;weightlifting举重;relay race接力赛;break the world record 打破世界纪录19.旅行旅游:vacation/holiday 沐日;historical spots/relics 奇迹;scenery 风物;museum博物馆;mountain山脉;river河流;lake 湖泊;waterfall瀑布;beach 沙滩;island 岛屿;lawn 草地;temple寺庙;zoo动物园;travel/trip/tour/voyage旅行;travel agency 旅行社;a guided tour 有导游的旅行;go sightseeing旅行;hotel 宾馆;souvenir 纪念品;ticket 票景点评论:fascinating/breathtaking 激感人心的;thrilling 刺激的;refreshing清爽的;unforgettable难忘的;terrific/ fantastic极好的;20.租房:landlord 房东;landlady女房东;rent租/租金;deposit押金;contract条约;furnished 有家具电器的;furniture 家具;heat暖气;gas煤气;electricity 电;lift 电梯;stairs 楼梯;balcony阳台;living room起居室;guest room客厅;dinning room 餐厅;kitchen 厨房;bathroom 浴室;toilet 卫生间;basement 地下室21.日常生活:housework 家务;channel频道;cook烹饪;dining table饭桌;fridge冰箱;television电视;oven烤箱;cabinet 橱柜;dishwasher洗碗机;sheet床单;blanket毯子;carpet地毯;curtain窗帘;towel毛巾;shampoo洗发水;soap肥皂;haircut剃头;shaver剃须刀 整理自网络,仅供学习交流!。


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